James Owen of Penrhos

and his descendants

Robert L. Jones (cntd)

The American Civil War began in April 1860 and on 22 August, 1862, Robert enlisted in 'A' Company, 3d Penn. Heavy Artillery, at Philadelphia. He was 5' 9" tall and had light hair and blue eyes. He was promoted from private to sergeant on 1 January 1865. 3rd Reg. Heavy Artillery (152nd Volunteers) was organised on 17 February 1863, and ordered to Fortress Monroe, VA, where it was based for most of the Civil War. 'A' Company was involved in the defence of Suffolk, VA, (12 April - 4 May 1863), with detachments in action at Smithfield, NC, on 1 February 1864, and at the siege of Plymouth, NC, on the gunboat Bombshell (17-20 April 1864). From late March, 1865, Robert served on the well armed gunboat Shrapnel which continually patrolled the Neuse River to protect Government vessels conveying supplies to Kinston, NC, for the army of General Sherman. On 14 June 1865 Robert was honourably discharged at Fortress Monroe, Va.

Subsequently the History of York County Pennsylvania, 1886. reported that "Corporal Baer Post No, 277, G.A.R., of Delta, was organized under a charter granted August 22, 1882, with twenty four members and the following officers: Commander, A. M. Clarke; S. V. C, R. L. Jones; J. V. C, ...". G.A.R. (The Grand Army of the Republic) was a political pressure group of honorably discharged Union Civil War veterans involved in charitable work and campaigning for soldiers' welfare, pensions and housing.

When Robert returned from the war he again resumed his work in the slate quarries at West Bangor as an employee. The page of the 1870 US census on which Robert appears, is that of Peach Bottom, York Co., Pa, (maps). Robert L Jones (28) was living there with his brother, John W. Jones (34) and John's wife, Ellen (27), both of whom were born in Wales, together with their three children William A. (8), Ellen A. (4) and Esther W. (1); all the children were born in Pennsylvania. Robert and John's occupation was ‘works in slate quarry’ and both were citizens of the United States. The census was enumerated on 19 August 1870 and the square to indicate if you had been married within the year was left blank for Robert. Ellen Jones was the daughter of Hugh and Winifred (Jones) Williams, who were, in 1843, among the first Welsh settlers to arrive in Delta Pa. John and his family are buried in Slateville Cemetery; he died in 1913. On the same page of the census, there were seven other families. In every one the parents had been born in Wales. Three heads of the household were wealthy owners of quarries - John Humphreys, Hugh C. Roberts and Richard Jones - and one was a Congregationalist minister. John Humphreys was a leading figure in the area and according to Robert's biography, he was at one time Robert’s employer.